Restoration and museographic updating at precincts seat of Independence Movement; the opening to public of 3 new archaeological zones in Queretaro, Guanajuato and Oaxaca, and the creation of the first museum founded by the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) dedicated to Mexican Revolution, are some priority projects to be developed by the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) in 2010 as part of the Bicentennial of the Independence and the Centennial of the Revolution commemorations.
A wide program of exhibitions to be presented at INAH national and regional museums, such as Moana, Los Mares del Sur ; Moctezuma II; Amanecer de una nación, de Nueva España a México 1765 – 1836; La Revolución Mexicana en fotografías, música, testimonios y documentos, and Culturas originarias de Canada was announced too.
Alfonso de Maria y Campos, general director of INAH, announced that museums part of Ruta del Bicentenario de la Independencia (Bicentennial of the Independence of Mexico Route), lodged in historical precincts will be reinaugurated. Preparation for the Bicentennial commemoration includes building restoration and contemporary museographic scripts. In Guanajuato, these 3 museums are “La Francia Chiquita” Casa de Hidalgo Museum; “Ex Curato de Dolores” Casa de Hidalgo Museum and “Alhondiga de Granaditas” Guanajuato Regional Museum.
At the presentation of 2010 Program of Activities of the Institute, De Maria declared that 12.5 million MXP are being invested in these renovations. In Michoacan, Museum of Popular Art and Industry in Patzcuaro, and Michoacan Regional Museum, in Morelia, undergo intervention as well.
In Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua, Ex Aduana de Juarez Historical Museum is being restored and updated, to become the first INAH museum dedicated exclusively to Mexican Revolution.
Archaeological work during 2010 includes opening of 3 sites where INAH specialists have been intervening Prehispanic structures. They are Cañada de la Virgen, Guanajuato; Tancama, Queretaro, and Bocana del Rio Copalita, in Oaxaca.
These archaeological zones are part of ten announced by the President Calderon to be opened during his administration. During 2008 and 2009, Peralta, Guanajuato; Tehuacalco, Guerrero, and Chiapa de Corzo, Chiapas were inaugurated.
Several archaeological projects continue all over the country, outstanding the ones at Calakmul, Campeche; Quetzalcoatl Temple, Estado de Mexico; Chichen Itza sub structure, in Yucatan, Ichkabal, Quintana Roo, and Ajaracas plot in Mexico City, part of Templo Mayor Project, where Tlaltecuhtli monolith was found. Management programs of 20 archaeological sites were concluded in 2009.
De Maria mentioned that as part of politics implemented by the Federal Government, the Temporary Employment Program (PET) will continue during 2010, hiring temporary workers to assist in 293 minor maintenance programs at archaeological sites and museums, generating 13,000 employments.
Exhibitions to be inaugurated in 2010 were announced by the INAH general director. Moana, Los Mares del Sur (Moana, The South Seas) to be opened in the National Museum of Anthropology (MNA) as part of the series Great Civilizations, is one of them. Mexican public will be able to have a cultural and physical perspective on the Pacific Islands through objects from the Field Museum, de Young Museum and Peabody Museum.
El papel del papel (The Role of Paper) and Amanecer de una nación: De Nueva España a México 1765-1836, (Dawn of a Nation: From New Spain to Mexico) are part of the Bicentennial commemorations. The first one will be opened at National Museum of Anthropology and is integrated by photographs and lithographs that give account of how image and identity of Mexicans was constructed during 19th and 20th centuries.
“Dawn of a Nation” will be inaugurated at “Castillo de Chapultepec” National Museum of History to show historical flags, coins, garments, scapulars and other objects that belonged to persons that fought and died in the struggle.
De Maria y Campos remarked that La Revolución Mexicana en fotografias, musica, testimonios y documentos (Mexican Revolution in photographs, music, testimonies and documents) will be simultaneously exhibited at El Carmen Museum, Ex Aduana de Ciudad Juarez Historical Museum and other 30 INAH museums, to commemorate the beginning of the Revolution.
Moctezuma II will be displayed in Templo Mayor Museum after its successful presentation at British Museum in London, where 210,000 persons visited it. Tlaltecuhtli, the only Mexica monolith that conserves its colors, could be exhibited for the first time, if preservation conditions allow it.
The historian also announced the reopening of the emblematic National Museum of Cultures; “Total renovation of the building included new structural elements, rehabilitation of floors, substitution of electric, hydraulic and sanitary installations, new security systems, the recovery of 600 square meters that were occupied by Palacio Nacional, as well as museographic updating”.
National Museum of Cultures will be reopened with the exhibition Culturas originarias de Canada (Native Cultures of Canada), integrated by more than 150 items from the Canadian Museum of Civilization.
De Maria declared that INAH will use nearly 20 million MXP in several restoration and conservation projects, among them, Mixteca Alta Ex Convents, in Oaxaca; rock paintings in Oxtotitlan, Guerrero, and El Tajin, Veracruz murals.
Archaeological conservation continues as well in Cholula, Puebla; Palenque, Bonampak and Yaxchilan, in Chiapas; La Pintada, Sonora; Cacaxtla, Tlaxcala, and Teotihuacan, Estado de Mexico, among others, concluded INAH director.