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After being exposed for the last time a hundred years ago, several objects that belonged to Miguel Hidalgo or were related to him, such as a silver medal with the image of Our Lady of Guadalupe, an Our Lady of Sorrows locket and a Guadalupan scapular, will be appreciated by general public from September 12th 2009.


The exhibition “Don Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla at Chapultepec Castle” was inaugurated at the castle, seat of the National Museum of History (MNA), and includes these 3 emblematic pieces exhibited in 1910 at the Centennial of the Independence celebrations.

Fifty four pieces integrate the exhibition organized by National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH), part of the “At the dawn of Centennials” program. Human aspects of the Father of the Homeland, such as his mental agility and his taste in music, features lost when at the age of 57 he became General of the Insurgent Army.

Salvador Rueda Smither, director of the National Museum of History and curator of the exhibition, remarked that one of the objectives is to show students that history has a sense of shame: “Marks left by this country founder are a handful of humble objects; history is not epic, and iconographic conventions we have today are product of characters such as Hidalgo, whose human dimension is what we are trying to recover”.

Outstanding pieces of the Miguel Hidalgo exhibit are a silver medal with an Our Lady of Guadalupe engraving, donated by his granddaughter Maria Guadalupe Hidalgo y Costilla; a locket with the image of Our Lady of Sorrows (patron of the curate he headed between 1803 and 1810), and a Guadalupan scapular given by Queretaro nuns in 1807, confiscated by the Inquisition before being executed.

Only 50 objects have been identified as Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla belongings, which are reunited in this exhibition, inaugurated along with “While the others are on their way, tell me your story. Bernardo Reyes”; both bring in revisions of processes that led to revolution 200 and 100 years ago, respectively.

Historian Salvador Rueda Smither declared it is necessary to be aware of the years previous to foundation ages of the country, both Independence and Revolution, to understand the context in which social movements raised. “We have to approach the historical moment when everything seemed calmed and armed movements that defined our history exploded”.

The second show inaugurated at MNH is integrated by 240 objects that chronologically frame an age between Juarez Reform and Mexican Revolution.

Bernardo Reyes, outstanding military man from the second half of 19th century, began his politic career as governor of Nuevo Leon, becoming Minister of Army in 1909, and a possible successor for the presidency.

“A couple of bad decisions kept him away from the most important period of the armed struggle; upon his arrival from Europe, he finds a victorious revolution, gets involved in Decena Tragica and heads an attack to Palacio Nacional where he is killed in 1913”, explained Rueda Smither. 

Among exhibited items outstand medals presented by Porfirio Diaz, military gear, and early 20th century garments.

Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla en el Castillo de Chapultepec y Mientras los otros siguen tu camino, cuéntame a mí tu historia, Bernardo Reyes, will be open until October 2009 at MNH.

The National Museum of History is located in Chapultepec Park, First Section, and it is open Tuesday to Sunday from 9:00 to 17:00 hours, with an admission fee of 51 MXP. Children under 13, students, teachers, senior citizens and physically challenged do not pay. On Sunday entrance is free for Mexicans and residents.