Science often has underestimated Neanderthal specie when justifying the causes of its extinction. Although they were physically stronger than modern human, their mental capabilities were similar.

The National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) and Iztacalco delegation of Mexico City signed a collaboration and coordination agreement to conserve and divulgate archaeological and historical heritage distributed over the 23 kilometers that integrate this district in the orient of Mexico D.F.


Alfonso de Maria y Campos, INAH general director and Fernando Rosique Castillo, chief of Iztacalco political delegation, signed in July 21st 2009 an agreement in which actions to be taken include “Casa de la Sal” monument cataloguing program and archaeological material exhibition hall creation.

 
The heavily industrialized and over populated district of Mexico City lodges Colonial constructions linked to chinampas (small artificial islands). Until half 20th century, Iztacalco surrounding territory was used for agriculture.


Iztacalco historical center is integrated by neighborhoods Santa Cruz, La Asuncion, San Miguel, Los Reyes, Zapotla, San Francisco, Xicaltongo and Santiago.


Among the ancient buildings outstand San Matias ex convent and parish and Santa Anita Zacatlalmanco Huehuetl town, with important historic, cultural and architectural values. Cataloguing these and other cultural goods is part of the tasks included in the agreement.
 

The exhibition hall dedicated to Prehispanic past of Iztacalco will be installed at Siete Barrios House of Culture at La Asuncion neighborhood. Objects exhibited were found within the community.
 

INAH will provide advisory, staff training and supervise installation processes related to the exhibition hall, in order to fulfill technical and formal requirements. 
 

INAH and Iztacalco political delegation will review, elaborate and execute urban development agenda and boost metropolitan image improvement programs focused in cultural heritage preservation.

Sun Pyramid was the axis mundi for Teotihuacan culture, a space from which celestial and underworld levels were accessed symbolically. The four directions of the universe parted from here as well, and this scheme was adopted later by Tolteca and Mexica societies when drafting their ceremonial centers.

The Historical Archive of the Former Bishopric of Michoacan is one of the most important ones due to its size and contents. Created in the New Spain epoch, it counts on a reserved fund with documents written by Jose Maria Morelos. A new seat and installations designed to conserve and consult it will be ready by the end of 2009.  

To protect movable and unmovable cultural goods in museums and archaeological zones in Mexico, the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) imparted the course “Prevention, Detection and Fire Combat” to security staff along the country.

La Ventilla, in Teotihuacan, Estado de Mexico, is an architectonic complex that shows different aspects of how a Teotihuacan neighborhood operated, and is where the first stage of a thematic visits program will develop, part of the Teotihuacan Archaeological Zone Management Plan.

Within the framework of the birth of Charles Darwin bicentennial and the 150th anniversary of the “On the Origin of the Species” publication, archaeologists and anthropologists use investigation methodology and technology such as stratigraphy, to decipher development of Mesoamerican cultures.

Researchers of the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) discovered in a cave at Sierra Madre Occidental (Western Mountain Range), in Bavispe municipality, Sonora, a feminine mummified burial dated between 17th and 18th centuries. The characteristics of the offering point out that she might have been a healing woman from Opata culture, now extinct.

Archaeologists from the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) found a substructure near El Castillo and Templo de los Guerreros, in Chichen Itza, Yucatan, more than 1,000 years old. The construction corresponds to the period previous to the site splendor, between 8th and 9th centuries, and brings in important data regarding Maya urbanism.

At the architectonic space known as La Ciudadela, in Teotihuacan Archaeological Zone, researchers have located 137 human skeletons with signs of sacrifice, arranged in a symmetrical way at the 4 corners of the conjunct; this gives account of the sacredness this space had for Teotihuacan civilization, since in their worldview, the 4 directions of the universe parted from this city.

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Committee celebrated its 33rd session in Sevilla, Spain, and announced that the tri national candidature “The Mercury + Silver Binomial on the Intercontinental Camino Real. Almaden, Idrija and San Luis Potosi” has been postponed, after 4 hours of debate and without achieving 2/3 of the votes.

Formulation of the Teotihuacan Archaeological Zone Management Plan by the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) is complete in its 80 per cent. The document integrates Prehispanic monuments and museums conservation strategies, infrastructure adaptation, social work at nearby communities and street vending reorganization, among other aspects.

A century after modern exploration of Teotihuacan began, debate about the Mesoamerican city focuses on its government system, which according to a line of investigation supported, among other experts, by Dr. Linda Manzanilla, could have had a corporative character and not have been ruled by dynasties, as was thought.